NATURAL RESOURCES IN INDONESIA

 

Why Indonesia is The Best Country for Investment

 

INDONESIA has about 17,504 ISLANDS 

About 6,000 of which are uninhabited remained, spread out around the equator, giving the tropical weather.

 

Island is a densely populated island of Java, where more than half (65%) of the population of Indonesia. Indonesia consists of five major islands, namely: Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Irian Jaya and a series of islands is also referred to as the archipelago or islands of Indonesia.

 

GEOGRAPHIC DATA

Location: Next to southeast Asia, the Malay Archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
The geographic coordinates: 6 ° N - 11 ° 08'LS and from 95 ° E - 141 ° 45'BT
Geography in the archipelago of about 17,504 islands (6,000 inhabited); crossed the equator; along the major shipping lanes of the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

 

REGION:

Total land: 1.922.570 km²
Mainland non-water: 1.82957 million km²
watery land: 93,000 km²
oceans: 3,257,483 km²


National boundaries: SQZ
total: 2,830 km: Malaysia 1,782 km, 820 km of Papua New Guinea, East Timor, 228 km
Neighboring countries that are not adjacent land: Indians in northwest Aceh, Australia, Singapore, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma.

 

COASTLINE: 54,716 KM
Marine claims: measured from the base line of the islands were claimed
Special economic zone: 200 nautical miles
which is a marine area of ​​the country: 12 nautical miles
Weather: Tropical; hot, humid; a little cooler in the highlands
Highlands: mostly coastal lowlands; islands have bigger mountains in the hinterland


Highs & lows:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

 

NATURAL RESOURCES:

KEROSENE, WOOD, NATURAL GAS, BRASS, TIN, BAUXITE, COPPER, FERTILE SOILS, COAL, GOLD, SILVER Etc.


USEFULNESS OF LAND:
arable land: 9.9%
permanent crops: 7.2%
Other: 82.9% (a perk. 1998)
Irrigated region: 48.150 km² (perk. 1998)
But not yet ratified: Climate Change - Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Protection

 

CLIMATE
Indonesia has a wet tropical climate is influenced by monsoon winds west and east monsoon. From November to May, the winds blow from North-West to bring a lot of moisture and rain in the area of ​​Indonesia; from June to October the wind blows from the south-east is dry, bring a bit of moisture. Temperatures in the lowlands of Indonesia ranges from 23 degrees Celsius to 28 degrees Celsius throughout the year.

 

However, temperatures are also varies greatly; from an average of close to 40 degrees Celsius during the dry season in the Palu valley - on the island of Sulawesi and Timor below 0 degrees Celsius in Jayawijaya Mountains - Irian. There is the eternal snow on peaks in Irian: Puncak Trikora (Mt. Wilhelmina - 4730 m) and Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Mt., 5030 m).

 

There are two seasons in Indonesia, rainy season and dry season, at some places known transition season, the season between the two seasons change.

 

Rainfall in Indonesia on average 1,600 millimeters a year, but also very varied; of more than 7000 millimeters a year to about 500 millimeters a year at Palu and Timor. Regions where rainfall is high average throughout the year is Aceh, West Sumatra, North Sumatra, Riau, Jambi, Bengkulu, most of West Java, West Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, North Maluku and Irian Mamberamo delta.

 

Indonesia is a country that has immense beauty in it. Wealth in natural resources is a main attraction for other countries. Of course, the scenery and natural beauty are also many and varied, ranging from Sabang to Merauke, there is a hidden natural beauty that is not shared by other countries.

The beauty of the nature, people character, the girl, place, object, or idea that provides perceptual experience of pleasure, meaning, or satisfaction. In another sense is defined as a state that is pleasing to the eye, gorgeous, really nice or beautiful. The beauty was studied as part of aesthetics, sociology, social psychology, and culture. An "ideal beauty" is an entity which is admired, or features associated with beauty in a particular culture, for perfection.

The beauty in the broad sense
is beauty in the broad sense implies the idea of goodness. For example Plato called the character a beautiful and wonderful law, while Aristotle formulated beauty as something good and also fun to include the beauty of art, natural beauty, moral beauty etc.

 

AESTHETIC VALUE
In the framework of the general theory of value The Liang Gie explained that, the sense of beauty is regarded as one kind of value as well as moral values, economic value, the value of education, and so forth. The value associated with everything covered in terms of beauty.

VALUE EKSTRENSIK
Extrinsic value is the good nature of an object as a tool or a means to something else ( "instrumental! Contributory value"), the value of investments as a tool or help.

 

INDONESIA HAS THOUSANDS BEAUTIFUL PLACE AND LUSH

FOR INVESTMENT

 

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE AND  BALI ARE  AMONG THOUSANDS OF BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN INDONESIA


 

Most Natural Beauty in Indonesia for INVESTMENT:

1. RINJANI MOUNT, NTB
Rinjani has panaroma is arguably the best among the mountains in Indonesia. Each year (June to August) frequently visited by lovers of nature ranging from local residents, students, nature lovers. The average air temperature of about 20 ° C; Lowest 12 ° C. Strong winds in the usual peak occurred in August. Lucky end of this July, the wind was still quite weak and quite sunny weather, so the climb to the top can be done anytime.

 

2. KOMODO ISLAND, NTT
Komodo National Park (TN. Komodo) is an area consisting of several islands with sea water. The islands are the habitat of the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is an ancient reptile was left on earth. Unique natural conditions, there is a vast savanna with palm trees (Borassus flabellifer).

 

3. RAJA AMPAT ISLANDS, WEST PAPUA
Raja Ampat Islands is an archipelago located in the west of the island of Papua in West Papua province, precisely at the head of birds of Papua. The islands are purpose-divers divers who are interested in the beauty of the underwater scenery.

 

4 KAWAH IJEN, EAST JAVA
Kawah Ijen volcano is one tourist attraction in Indonesia. Ijen is a famous tourist attraction, which has been recognized by domestic and foreign tourists for its natural beauty and marine.

 

5. CARSTENSZ PYRAMID, PAPUA
Indonesia should take pride in the uniqueness and richness of nature and tradition masayarakatnya. This time, the Carstensz Pyramid or what could be called a glorious peak, also in Papua. Carstensz Peak is the highest peak in Australia and Oceania.

 

6.  BOROBUDUR TEMPLE IS WORLD HERITAGE SITE

Borobudur Temple, or Barabudur (Indonesian: Candi Borobudur) is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia, as well as the world's largest Buddhist temple,and also one of the greatest Buddhist monument in the world.

The temple consists of nine stacked platforms, six square and three circular, topped by a central dome. The temple is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each seated inside a perforated stupa.[4]

Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, the temple was designed in Javanese Buddhist architecture, which blends the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana.

The temple also demonstrates the influences of Gupta art that reflects India's influence on the region, yet there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur uniquely Indonesian.


The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path around the monument and ascends to the top through three levels symbolic of Buddhist cosmology: Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). The monument guides pilgrims through an extensive system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and the balustrades. Borobudur has the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world.

Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage; once a year, Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia's single most visited tourist attraction.

Abandonment
Borobudur stupas overlooking a mountain. For centuries, it was deserted.

Borobudur lay hidden for centuries under layers of volcanic ash and jungle growth. The facts behind its abandonment remain a mystery. It is not known when active use of the monument and Buddhist pilgrimage to it ceased. Sometime between 928 and 1006, King Mpu Sindok moved the capital of the Medang Kingdom to the region of East Java after a series of volcanic eruptions; it is not certain whether this influenced the abandonment, but several sources mention this as the most likely period of abandonment.

The monument is mentioned vaguely as late as c. 1365, in Mpu Prapanca's Nagarakretagama, written during the Majapahit era and mentioning "the vihara in Budur".

The monument was not forgotten completely, though folk stories gradually shifted from its past glory into more superstitious beliefs associated with bad luck and misery. Two old Javanese chronicles (babad) from the 18th century mention cases of bad luck associated with the monument. According to the Babad Tanah Jawi (or the History of Java), the monument was a fatal factor for Mas Dana, a rebel who revolted against Pakubuwono I, the king of Mataram in 1709.

It was mentioned that the "Redi Borobudur" hill was besieged and the insurgents were defeated and sentenced to death by the king. In the Babad Mataram (or the History of the Mataram Kingdom), the monument was associated with the misfortune of Prince Monconagoro, the crown prince of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in 1757.

In spite of a taboo against visiting the monument, "he took what is written as the knight who was captured in a cage (a statue in one of the perforated stupas)". Upon returning to his palace, he fell ill and died one day later.

 

 

7. BROMO  MOUNT, EAST JAVA
Mount Bromo is an active volcano is still active and most famous as a tourist attraction in East Java. As a tourist attraction, Mount Bromo become attractive because of its status as the volcano is still active.

 

8. FLORES MOUNT, NTT
Kelimutu is a volcano located on the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. The mountain location is precisely in the Village District Kelimutu strikes, Ende. This mountain has three crater lakes at its peak. The lake is known as the Lake Three Colors because it has three different colors, namely red, blue, and white. However, the colors are always changing with the passage of time.

 

9. BUNAKEN MARINE PARK, NORTH SULAWESI
Bunaken marine park has a 20 point dive (dive spot) with varying depths up to 1344 meters. Of the 20 submarines that point, 12 point dive in which are located around the island of Bunaken. Twelve point of diving is the most frequently visited by divers and lovers of the beauty of the underwater scenery.

 

10. LAKE TOBA, NORTH SUMATRA
Lake Toba is a volcanic lake with a length of 100 kilometers and 30 kilometers wide (the largest volcanic lake in the world). In the middle of this lake there is a volcanic island called Pulau Samosir. Lake Toba has long been an important tourist destination in North Sumatra, Bukit Lawang and Nias, attract domestic and foreign tourists.

 

11 BALURAN, EAST JAVA
Baluran is his African Indonesia, this National Park is representative of specific dry forest ecosystem in Java, consisting of savanna vegetation types, mangrove forest, monsoon forest, coastal forest, lower montane forests, swamp forest and evergreen forests throughout the year. About 40 percent of savanna vegetation types dominate Baluran National Park.

 

12. DREAMLAND BEACH, BALI

 Better known as Dreamland, Dreamland Beach is one of the most beautiful beaches in Bali besides Kuta Beach. The beach is located not far from the Uluwatu in Bali is very famous for its beauty. The beauty and cleanliness of the beach adds to the attraction of visitors, not only from domestic but also foreign tourists.

 

13. SEVEN LAKES MOUNTAIN, JAMBI
Kerinci be proud of the existence of the Seven Lakes Mountain which is the highest lake in Southeast Asia. And there are several other small lakes with a unique natural beauty. Grouse lakes with pristine nature gives a different touch.

 

14. GREEN CANYON, WEST JAVA
Green Canyon save a tremendous charm. A mix of rivers, green valleys, protected forests, and various stalactite-stalagmite. The beauty wrapped in silence, like a hidden paradise. Green Canyon began to be developed in 1989.

 

15. GOA GONG, EAST JAVA
Goa Gong claimed to be the most beautiful caves in Southeast Asia. In the cave you can see various kinds of rock protrusions (stalactite / stalagmite) are very attractive and the occurrence of natural processes.

 

16. BANTIMARUNG KARST MOUNTAINS, SOUTH SULAWESI
Bantimurung National Park has the most beautiful natural scenery. Because in this national park, there is a water source that never dry. So that various types of plants can survive in the long dry season.

 

17. BELITUNG ISLAND, BANGKA BELITUNG
The island is beautiful, unique scenery of white sand beaches adorned the original granite boulders that artistic and crystal clear sea, surrounded by hundreds of small islands.
Derawan Island, East Kalimantan
In the surrounding waters are a marine park and famous as a tourist submarine (diving) with a depth of about five meters. On the rock at a depth of ten meters, there is a rock known as "Trigger Blue Wall"

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